What are the major fertility trends today?
- Delayed childbirth: More women are delaying childbirth worldwide. In the U.S., for example, first births for women aged 35 and older increased from 2.5% to 13.3% between 1970 and 2006. (U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Fewer children per woman: Women worldwide are having fewer children. In the 1960s, the average number of children born per woman globally was 4.9. Today, it is approximately 2.5. (United Nations)
- Age impacts fertility: A 30-year-old woman has a 20% chance of conceiving naturally each month. When a woman turns 40, she has less than a 5% chance per month. (American Society for Reproductive Medicine)
How common is infertility?
- Infertility is extremely common: One in eight women worldwide struggles with infertility. (World Health Organization)
What causes infertility in women?
- A wide range of conditions: Endometriosis is a leading cause of female infertility; other causes include diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), ovulation disorders, fallopian tube damage or blockage, cervical mucus problems, damage caused by cancer and cancer treatments, and early menopause.
- Compromised egg health: When energy levels decline in a woman’s eggs, it creates compromised egg health, which often leads to infertility.
- Many times, there is not one cause: Approximately one-third of infertility is attributed to male factors, one-third to female factors, and one-third to a combination of or unknown factors. (American Society for Reproductive Medicine)
What should I know about my eggs?
- Energy matters: One key element of egg health is the egg having adequate levels of energy inside of it, which is critical for fertilization and embryo development.
- It’s not just about age: The energy levels in a woman’s eggs decline naturally with age, which leads to compromised egg health, but younger women also can have poor egg health due to environmental factors, medical conditions or unknown causes.
- EggPCSM cells introduce new possibilities: We believe the egg precursor (EggPCSM) cells in a woman’s own protective ovarian lining can be used to expand her egg reserve and produce new, fertilizable eggs.